Average Temperatures for Large US Cities in January

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Average temperatures for the month of January in the largest US cities are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius.

The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the NOAA National Climatic Data Center of the United States.

The weather for January in America's major cities ranges from pleasantly mild to below freezing. Cities in Florida, southern California and Arizona are the warmest in the country during this winter month. Los Angeles, Riverside and Phoenix enjoy a balmy climate with highs averaging at least in the upper 60s degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius) and nights generally in the mid-40s (7 C).

Southern Florida is even warmer. Daily temperatures there top 70 F (21 C).

Near the Great Lakes meanwhile, cities are in the midst of winter weather. Buffalo, Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee and Minneapolis seldom see the thermometer rise above freezing all month. Their nighttime temperatures drop into the teens Fahrenheit (-10 C) or below. The average daily high in January for Minneapolis is colder than Miami's by 52 degrees F (29 C).

Average January temperatures for US cities.
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
52 34 Atlanta, Georgia 11    1
62 42 Austin, Texas 16    5
41 24 Baltimore, Maryland   5   -4
54 34 Birmingham, Alabama 12    1
36 22 Boston, Massachusetts   2   -5
31 19 Buffalo, New York   0   -8
51 30 Charlotte, North Carolina 10   -1
31 17 Chicago, Illinois  -1   -9
40 22 Cincinnati, Ohio   5   -5
34 22 Cleveland, Ohio   1   -6
37 23 Columbus, Ohio   3   -5
57 37 Dallas, Texas 14    3
45 17 Denver, Colorado   7   -8
32 19 Detroit, Michigan   0   -7
35 18 Hartford, Connecticut   1   -8
63 43 Houston, Texas 17    6
36 21 Indianapolis, Indiana   2   -6
65 41 Jacksonville, Florida 18    5
40 22 Kansas City, Missouri   4   -5
58 39 Las Vegas, Nevada 14    4
68 48 Los Angeles, California 20    9
43 27 Louisville, Kentucky   6   -3
50 33 Memphis, Tennessee 10    0
76 60 Miami, Florida 25  16
29 16 Milwaukee, Wisconsin  -2   -9
24 8 Minneapolis, Minnesota  -5 -14


High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
47 28 Nashville, Tennessee   8   -2
62 45 New Orleans, Louisiana 17    7
38 27 New York, New York   4   -3
50 29 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 10   -2
71 49 Orlando, Florida 22  10
40 26 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania   5   -4
69 46 Phoenix, Arizona 20    8
36 21 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania   2   -6
47 36 Portland, Oregon   8    2
37 21 Providence, Rhode Island   3   -6
51 30 Raleigh, North Carolina 11   -1
47 28 Richmond, Virginia   9   -2
69 43 Riverside, California 21    6
32 18 Rochester, New York   0   -8
54 39 Sacramento, California 12    4
37 22 Salt Lake City, Utah   3   -6
63 41 San Antonio, Texas 17    5
65 49 San Diego, California 18    9
57 46 San Francisco, California 14    8
58 42 San Jose, California 15    6
49 37 Seattle, Washington   9    3
40 24 St. Louis, Missouri   4   -5
70 52 Tampa, Florida 21  11
48 33 Virginia Beach, Virginia   9    0
43 29 Washington, DC   6   -2
Reference

National Climatic Data Center. NOAA's 1981-2010 Climate Normals.

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