Snowiest Places in Canada
Some of British Columbia's mountains get far more snow than anywhere else in Canada. The highest average annual snowfall recorded at a weather station is 1388 centimetres (45.5 feet) on Mount Fidelity. The station sits above the Trans Canada Highway at 1890 metres (6201 feet) elevation on the west side of Glacier National Park. This is also where snow falls most often in southern Canada, averaging 141 days a year.
The tables below list the places in Canada that measure the most snowfall, record the biggest blizzards and observe the most days with snow on the ground.
The rankings here are for 1739 weather stations that record snowfall information for Environment Canada. The snow data are averages of weather measurements made from 1981 to 2010.
|141||Mt Fidelity, Glacier National Park, BC||546.4||1388.0|
|114||Unuk River, Eskay Creek Mine, BC||511.3||1298.6|
|104||Tahtsa Lake West, BC||384.1||975.7|
|78||Grouse Mountain, North Van., BC||342.0||868.7|
|112||Rogers Pass, British Columbia||340.4||864.7|
|78||Pleasant Camp, BC||285.0||723.8|
|90||Fraser Camp, BC||276.8||703.2|
|69||Hollyburn Ridge, West Vancouver, BC||257.7||654.6|
Most Snowfall in the Rest of Canada
Canada's community that tallies the highest snowfall measurements is the town of Woody Point, Newfoundland. It is located on Bonne Bay of Newfoundland's west coast, next to Gros Morne National Park. Over a typical winter, Woody Point racks up 638 centimeters, nearly 21 feet, of snow that lands in just 89 days.
|89||Woody Point, Newfoundland||251.1||637.9|
|117||Forêt Montmorency, Quebec||244.1||619.9|
|125||Cape Dyer, Nunavut||218.2||554.2|
|103||St Anthony, Newfoundland||214.0||543.7|
|51||Main Brook, Newfoundland||202.8||515.0|
Only a handful of places in Canada have recorded over a metre of snow dumped in a single day. The deepest one-day snowfall measured is 145 centimetres (4.75 feet) at Tahtsa Lake, in BC's Coast Mountains north of Tweedsmuir Park. That day, February 11, 1999, also left a record-setting snowfall of 113 cm at the small city of Terrace, BC.
Another blizzard-prone spot, Pleasant Camp, is a remote border crossing between BC and Alaska on Haines Highway with a one-day snow record of 127 centimetres (4.2 feet).
This table lists some of the biggest one-day snowfalls ever measured in Canada:
|Feb 11, 1999||Tahtsa Lake West, BC||57.1||145.0|
|Dec 4, 1985||Pleasant Camp, BC||50.0||127.0|
|Mar 20, 1885||Cap Madeleine, Quebec||48.0||121.9|
|Jan 17, 1974||Lakelse Lake, BC||46.5||118.0|
|Feb 11, 1999||Terrace, BC||44.6||113.4|
|Feb 18, 1972||Kitimat, BC||44.2||112.3|
|Jan 16, 1976||Stewart, BC||41.6||105.7|
|Feb 5, 1988||Main Brook, Newfoundland||41.3||105.0|
|Jan 11, 1968||Kemano, BC||41.0||104.1|
|Jan 27, 2000||Unuk River, Eskay Creek Mine, BC||40.9||104.0|
|Jan 6, 1988||Nain, Newfoundland & Labrador||40.7||103.4|
|Feb 17, 1943||Colinet, Newfoundland & Labrador||40.0||101.6|
Most Days With Snow on the Ground
Even though many southern spots get more snow, it lingers longest in Canada's northern regions. The country's northernmost settlement, a military base at Alert, Nunavut on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, is the weather station that's covered in snow the longest. It typically has 304 days a year with at least a centimeter of snow on the ground. Cape Dyer, Nunvut comes in a close second at 300 days.
Outside the territories, 13 weather stations observe snow cover for 200 or more days a year.
|Mt Fidelity, Glacier National Park, BC||271|
|Churchill Falls, Newfoundland & Labrador||221|
|Tahtsa Lake West, BC||216|
|Rogers Pass, British Columbia||215|
|Unuk River Eskay Creek, BC||212|
|Makkovik, Newfoundland & Labrador||210|
|Nain, Newfoundland & Labrador||205|
|Wabush Lake, Newfoundland & Labrador||202|
|Poste Montagnais, Quebec||200|
Environment Canada. Meteorological Service of Canada. Canadian Climate Normals. 1981-2010 Climate Normals & Averages.