Average December Temperatures for Cities in Europe





Average temperatures for December at major cities throughout Europe are listed below in degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit.

The cities range from Amsterdam to Zurich and from Reykjavík to İstanbul. They are listed alphabetically and you can jump ahead to the section for Amsterdam to Kiev, Leeds to Pristina and Reykjavík to Zurich.

Included in this list are Europe's national capitals plus cities with a metropolitan population of over one million people.

The tables give the normal maximum and minimum monthly temperatures based on historical weather data collected over a long period, in most cases 30 years.

Average December temperatures
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
44 35 Amsterdam, Netherlands 6 2
52 34 Andorra la Vella, Andorra 11 1
59 48 Athens, Greece 15 9
58 42 Barcelona, Spain 14 6
42 32 Belgrade, Serbia 6 0
40 31 Berlin, Germany 4 0
45 35 Birmingham, United Kingdom 7 2
38 29 Bratislava, Slovakia 4 -2
43 35 Brussels, Belgium 6 2
39 27 Bucharest, Romania 4 -3
39 31 Budapest, Hungary 4 -1
37 27 Chisinau, Moldova 3 -3
43 33 Cologne, Germany 6 1
39 32 Copenhagen, Denmark 4 0
47 37 Dublin, Ireland 8 3
43 34 Glasgow, United Kingdom 6 1
40 32 Hamburg, Germany 5 0
31 21 Helsinki, Finland -1 -6
53 43 İstanbul, Turkey 11 6
21 10 Kazan, Russia -6 -12
32 24 Kiev, Ukraine 0 -5
Average daily temperatures in December
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
42 34 Leeds, United Kingdom 6 1
44 35 Lille, France 6 2
59 49 Lisbon, Portugal 15 10
38 29 Ljubljana, Slovenia 3 -2
47 38 London, United Kingdom 8 3
38 30 Luxembourg, Luxembourg 3 -1
45 35 Lyon, France 7 2
50 39 Madrid, Spain 10 4
45 35 Manchester, United Kingdom 7 2
53 39 Marseille, France 12 4
44 32 Milan, Italy 6 0
29 21 Minsk, Belarus -2 -6
57 43 Monaco, Monaco 14 6
26 17 Moscow, Russia -4 -9
39 28 Munich, Germany 4 -2
57 42 Naples, Italy 14 6
57 43 Nice, France 14 6
22 13 Nizhny & Novgorod, Russia -5 -11
31 22 Oslo, Norway -1 -6
46 38 Paris, France 8 3
52 37 Podgorica, Montenegro 11 3
35 26 Prague, Czech Republic 2 -3
39 26 Pristina, Kosovo 4 -3
December temperatures: daily averages
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
36 27 Reykjavík, Iceland 2 -3
32 23 Riga, Latvia 0 -5
56 38 Rome, Italy 13 3
35 26 Rostov-on-Don, Russia 2 -3
44 35 Rotterdam, Netherlands 7 1
28 19 Saint Petersburg, Russia -2 -7
22 11 Samara, Russia -6 -11
48 35 San Marino, San Marino 9 2
38 27 Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina 4 -3
43 30 Skopje, Macedonia 6 -1
39 27 Sofia, Bulgaria 4 -3
34 26 Stockholm, Sweden 1 -3
33 24 Tallinn, Estonia 0 -5
55 37 Tirana, Albania 13 3
46 29 Turin, Italy 8 -2
19 5 Ufa, Russia -7 -15
41 29 Vaduz, Liechtenstein 5 -1
62 52 Valletta, Malta 17 11
38 31 Vienna, Austria 4 -1
31 23 Vilnius, Lithuania -1 -5
29 19 Volgograd, Russia -2 -7
35 26 Warsaw, Poland 1 -3
40 29 Zagreb, Croatia 5 -2
39 29 Zurich, Switzerland 4 -2
Reference

The temperature data are provided by national meteorological agencies.

City Temperatures
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