Average Annual Temperatures in European Cities





Average annual temperatures for major cities throughout Europe are listed below in degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit.

Included in this list are Europe's national capitals plus cities with a metropolitan population of over one million people.

The cities range from Amsterdam to Zurich and from Reykjavík to İstanbul. They are listed alphabetically and you can jump ahead to the section for Amsterdam to Kiev, Leeds to Pristina and Reykjavík to Zurich.

The tables give the maximum and minimum yearly temperatures based on historical weather data collected over a long period, in most cases 30 years.

Average annual temperatures
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
57 44 Amsterdam, Netherlands 14 6
64 45 Andorra la Vella, Andorra 18 7
72 57 Athens, Greece 22 14
68 52 Barcelona, Spain 20 11
63 47 Belgrade, Serbia 17 9
56 43 Berlin, Germany 13 6
57 43 Birmingham, United Kingdom 14 6
59 42 Bratislava, Slovakia 15 6
58 44 Brussels, Belgium 14 7
62 42 Bucharest, Romania 17 6
60 46 Budapest, Hungary 16 8
58 42 Chisinau, Moldova 14 6
58 42 Cologne, Germany 14 6
53 41 Copenhagen, Denmark 11 5
56 44 Dublin, Ireland 13 6
54 42 Glasgow, United Kingdom 12 6
55 41 Hamburg, Germany 13 5
48 35 Helsinki, Finland 9 1
66 53 İstanbul, Turkey 19 12
46 32 Kazan, Russia 8 0
53 40 Kiev, Ukraine 12 4
Temperatures averages for the year
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
53 41 Leeds, United Kingdom 12 5
58 45 Lille, France 15 7
70 56 Lisbon, Portugal 21 13
59 43 Ljubljana, Slovenia 15 6
60 46 London, United Kingdom 15 8
54 40 Luxembourg, Luxembourg 12 5
62 47 Lyon, France 17 8
67 49 Madrid, Spain 19 10
56 44 Manchester, United Kingdom 14 7
68 51 Marseille, France 20 11
64 47 Milan, Italy 18 8
50 36 Minsk, Belarus 10 2
67 54 Monaco, Monaco 20 12
48 34 Moscow, Russia 9 1
55 40 Munich, Germany 13 4
70 52 Naples, Italy 21 11
67 54 Nice, France 20 12
46 33 Nizhny & Novgorod, Russia 8 1
49 36 Oslo, Norway 10 2
61 48 Paris, France 16 9
69 51 Podgorica, Montenegro 21 11
55 38 Prague, Czech Republic 13 3
60 40 Pristina, Kosovo 16 4
Annual average temperature
High °F Low °F City High °C Low °C
45 35 Reykjavík, Iceland 7 2
50 37 Riga, Latvia 10 3
71 48 Rome, Italy 21 9
58 42 Rostov-on-Don, Russia 15 6
57 44 Rotterdam, Netherlands 14 6
47 35 Saint Petersburg, Russia 8 2
49 34 Samara, Russia 9 1
65 48 San Marino, San Marino 18 9
59 41 Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina 15 5
65 45 Skopje, Macedonia 18 7
59 41 Sofia, Bulgaria 15 5
50 38 Stockholm, Sweden 10 4
48 36 Tallinn, Estonia 9 2
70 48 Tirana, Albania 21 9
63 45 Turin, Italy 17 7
47 28 Ufa, Russia 8 -2
58 42 Vaduz, Liechtenstein 15 6
72 59 Valletta, Malta 22 15
59 45 Vienna, Austria 15 7
50 36 Vilnius, Lithuania 10 2
55 40 Volgograd, Russia 13 4
54 39 Warsaw, Poland 12 4
60 43 Zagreb, Croatia 16 6
58 40 Zurich, Switzerland 14 5
Reference

The temperature data are provided by national meteorological agencies.

City Temperatures
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