Number of Species Identified on Earth
Scientists have described over 1.7 million of the world's species of animals, plants and algae, as of 2010.
The list below gives the number of species known in the world for each major category of animals and plants.
The numbers most accurately represent all living species of mammals, birds and coniferous plants. Only for those groups have scientists almost completely identified all the world's species.
Biologists have yet to describe many species of plants, invertebrate animals and lichens. So the number of these species known to science increases substantially every year.
The greatest species diversity exists among insects, which account for one million of the earth's species known to science. Mammals make up one of the smallest groups, with just 5,490 members.
Altogether the earth's oceans, lakes, continents and islands support over 62,000 identified species of vertebrate animals and 320,000 species of plants.
|Spiders and scorpions||102,248|
|Flowering plants (angiosperms)||281,821|
|Ferns and horsetails||12,000|
|Red and green algae||10,134|
The species totals do not include domestic animals such as sheep, goats and camels. Nor do they include single-celled organisms such as bacteria.