Québec City Temperatures: Averages by Month





The numbers here tell you how hot and cold the weather usually is in Québec City, Quebec during each month of the year.

The average high and low temperatures are listed below monthly and annually for the city, in both degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius.

Maximums and minimums are only part of the temperature picture. To fill in the rest, there's information on how many days a month get above or below a given temperature.

To find out how often it rises over 10, 20 or 30 °C each month in Québec City, scroll down farther. There are also monthly and yearly counts of days with frost and cold weather.

The first set of high and low temperatures are averages for 2010 to 2019. Everything else here is based on 1981 to 2010 weather.

10-year temperature averages for Québec City, 2010 to 2019
High °F Low °F   High °C Low °C
21 3 January -6 -16
23 4 February -5 -16
33 13 March 0 -10
46 28 April 8 -2
64 42 May 18 6
72 50 June 22 10
79 57 July 26 14
76 56 August 24 13
67 48 September 20 9
53 36 October 12 2
38 24 November 3 -5
26 11 December -4 -12
50 31 Year 10 -1
30-year temperature averages for Québec City, 1981 to 2010
High °F Low °F   High °C Low °C
19 3 January -7 -16
24 6 February -4 -14
34 17 March 1 -8
48 31 April 9 0
64 43 May 18 6
72 52 June 22 11
76 57 July 25 14
75 55 August 24 13
67 48 September 19 9
52 37 October 11 3
40 27 November 4 -3
26 12 December -3 -11
50 32 Year 10 0

Days of Hot Weather in Québec City

Québec City usually has five days a year with temperatures in the low-thirties Celsius. The 30-degree weather can show up here anytime during summer months, and occasionally as early as May. The city normally doesn't have temperatures above 35 degrees Celsius (95 °F).

Days per month in Québec City above 10, 20 or 30 °C
  10 °C
50 °F
20 °C
68 °F
30 °C
86 °F
January 0 0 0
February 0 0 0
March 1 0 0
April 12 1 0
May 29 10 0
June 30 21 1
July 31 27 2
August 31 26 1
September 30 13 0
October 17 2 0
November 3 0 0
December 0 0 0
Year 183 99 5

When Québec City Has Frosty Weather

Québec City typically has 166 days a year when the minimum temperature is at 0 °C or below. The average date for the last frost in spring is May 7. Frost normally returns here on October 9. The frost-free period extends for 154 days on average between the final spring frost and the first fall frost.

Average number of days with freezing temperatures in Québec City
  0 °C
32 °F
January 31
February 28
March 29
April 16
May 2
June 0
July 0
August 0
September 0
October 9
November 22
December 30
Year 166

How Often Québec City Has Cold Temperatures

Most of Québec City's chilliest winter nights have lows in the minus-twenties °C. The city averages 21 nights a year, mainly in January and February, when the thermometer drops that low. Temperatures below -30 °C (-22 °F) occur on an average of just one night a year.

From November to April, Québec City can remain below freezing all day long. The city typically has 89 days a year when the temperature never rises above 0 °C.

Days per month on average in Québec City when the minimum temperature drops below -2, -10, or -20 °C
  -2 °C
28 °F
-10 °C
14 °F
-20 °C
-4 °F
January 30 24 10
February 27 21 6
March 25 11 2
April 8 0 0
May 0 0 0
June 0 0 0
July 0 0 0
August 0 0 0
September 0 0 0
October 4 0 0
November 16 2 0
December 28 17 3
Year 138 75 21
References

Environment Canada. Meteorological Service of Canada. Canadian Climate Normals. 1981-2010 Climate Normals & Averages.

Jay Lawrimore, Ron Ray, Scott Applequist, Bryant Korzeniewski, Matthew Menne. 2016. Global Summary of the Month and Year, Version 1.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.

Quebec Temperatures
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