Largest Cities in Canada





The table below ranks the major urban centres that anchor the largest metropolitan populations in Canada.

These represent the 33 urban regions that were home to at least one hundred thousand people during the national 2011 population census.

Altogether the cities and their surrounding urban areas account for two-thirds of the Canadian population. In 2011, there were 23.1 million people who lived in these metropolitan centers, out of the country's 34.5 million people.

This list of the 33 biggest metropolitan areas identified by Statistics Canada includes each city's population that was counted in the 2011 Census, and its rank in Canada by population size.

Statistics Canada includes in the population count for each metro area the urban core together with adjacent urban and rural areas that are highly integrated socially and economically with the urban core.

Largest urban areas in Canada, listed by 2011 population size
Metropolitan Area 2011 Population Rank
Toronto, Ontario 5,583,064 1
Montréal, Quebec 3,824,221 2
Vancouver, British Columbia 2,313,328 3
Ottawa, Ontario - Gatineau, Quebec 1,236,324 4
Calgary, Alberta 1,214,839 5
Edmonton, Alberta 1,159,869 6
Québec City, Quebec 765,706 7
Winnipeg, Manitoba 730,018 8
Hamilton, Ontario 721,053 9
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, Ontario 477,160 10
London, Ontario 474,786 11
St. Catharines - Niagara, Ontario 392,184 12
Halifax, Nova Scotia 390,328 13
Oshawa, Ontario 356,177 14
Victoria, British Columbia 344,615 15
Windsor, Ontario 319,246 16
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 260,600 17
Regina, Saskatchewan 210,556 18
Sherbrooke, Quebec 201,890 19
St. John's, Newfoundland 196,966 20
Barrie, Ontario 187,013 21
Kelowna, British Columbia 179,839 22
Abbotsford - Mission, British Columbia 170,191 23
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury, Ontario 160,770 24
Kingston, Ontario 159,561 25
Saguenay, Quebec 157,790 26
Trois-Rivières, Quebec 151,773 27
Guelph, Ontario 141,097 28
Moncton, New Brunswick 138,644 29
Brantford, Ontario 135,501 30
Saint John, New Brunswick 127,761 31
Thunder Bay, Ontario 121,596 32
Peterborough, Ontario 118,975 33

These are the 33 large cities used for the Canadian city weather data and rankings for 1981 to 2010 provided at CurrentResults.com.

The temperature and precipitation information used for these major centres come from the Environment Canada weather station that best represents the populated area. Some climate measures, such as sunshine and cloud cover, are only available from the region's major airport. Several cities, including Barrie, Kitchener - Waterloo, Oshawa and Windsor in Ontario along with Saguenay and Trois-Rivières in Quebec do not have all types of climate data available.

Reference

Statistics Canada. 2012. Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2011 and 2006 censuses (table). 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011002. Released February 8, 2012.

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